Backstory: What’s the Genesis of Self-Fueling Partnerships?

The word “coopetition” has been around much longer than most people think. I first encountered it when my boss Ray Noorda, Novell CEO, brought it back into use in the early 1990s to describe his insight about the then-emerging market for local area networks (LANs).

Novell was one of a number of companies competing to become the LAN market leader. Ray decided to encourage his competitors to focus on “growing the pie”, i.e. the networking market, rather than continuing to fight for a bigger slice of a small market. We created the Networld trade show (later renamed Networld/Interop) and invited every company related to the networking industry to participate, including our closest competitors. The show rapidly grew to become the largest tech gathering of its time, engulfing Las Vegas for a week every year.

Working in and leading a group of a dozen highly talented people who built partnerships with the largest companies in the industry was one of the most exhilarating experiences of my career. During that time, Novell’s partnership efforts helped it hit a billion dollars in revenue faster than any company to that point. In addition to a network of over 20,000 resellers who depended upon us for a significant share of their revenue, we grew partnerships that aligned leading companies (e.g. CA, Compaq, HP, IBM, Lotus, Oracle) behind our network operating system and encouraged them to develop new solutions for our customers.

Observations made during that time led me a few years ago to coin the term “self-fueling” to describe partnerships carefully constructed to last. Like most useful concepts, the definition of a self-fueling partnership is simple:

“a relationship structured so that positive results for the first party drives it to act in ways that increase positive results for the second party, and vice versa.”

The partnership between ATT and Apple is an excellent example. It lasted several years enabled each to them to capture significant market share. We all owe a debt to the late, great Ray Noorda for pointing the way to self-fueling partnerships by selling the idea of coopetition to the industry.

 

CEO Flow v. Multitasking

In a recent article in Small Business Trends, CEO Curt Finch of Journyx contrasts the benefits of “flow” over “multitasking” in achieving optimal employee productivity. Recent studies show that multitasking can be highly unproductive, while flow is much better:

“As defined by author and psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, flow occurs when you enter a state of intense and effortless concentration on the task at hand. It is often referred to as ‘being in the zone,’ and employees are far more productive while in this state than at any other time.”

That made me wonder to what extent the same principle applies to CEOs and how they use their time. Most CEOs are paragons of multitasking. Each day comprises formal and informal meetings and calls that address a multitude of topics across multiple domains. A CEO friend once described it this way: “It feels like I’m walking the halls of the office and people are ripping off pieces of flesh as I walk by. At the end of the day, I’m exhausted.”

As with employees, multitasking would seem to be the natural enemy of flow for CEOs. Of course a CEO must necessarily handle more than one issue at a time, but if you continually find yourself without enough time to adequately address important but not urgent issues, multitasking may be slowing your company’s growth.

Finding uninterrupted time to consider how to grow the company is a common CEO challenge. Achieving “CEO flow” may require a level of discipline above what you’ve applied in the past. Delegating more tasks to your executive team, encouraging them to be more mutually accountable, and becoming more protective of open space in your calendar can enable you to become the chief visionary officer that your company needs.

Are you spending time in the zone that’s needed to create the right vision, or are you always multitasking?

What You Think You Know May Blind You To Growth Opportunities

TexasCEO magazine just published my latest thoughts about partnerships. In addition to correcting myths about partnerships in general, it describes major types of self-fueling partnerships and the series of steps you can employ to accelerate the growth of your business.

As always, let’s hear your feedback, either below or the TexasCEO web site.

 

Is Your Company Geared Up for Growth?

“Gear up” means “to prepare for something that you have to do” or “to prepare someone else for something” (source: Cambridge Dictionary). To assess whether your company is prepared to grow, ask whether your management team has clear answers to 4 questions:

1. Does the company offer something special enough to compel customers to spend money?

The instinctive answer is “of course it does.” After all, a customer base exists and the company is stable, even if growth is slow. But can the management team relate a shared, crystal clear vision of the company, its category, and its primary benefit? The kinds of companies it sells to? The roles of people within those companies that are involved in purchasing? Other unique qualities that differentiate you from competitors? Answers to these questions comprise a company’s strategic positioning, and a lack of team alignment on it leads to huge inefficiencies.

2. How does the company fit into the bigger picture of the market served?

Understanding which companies are competitors and which are potential allies is essential for sales success. Companies often assume competition exists when there may be a chance to partner effectively instead. Understanding the needs of other key companies leads to a clearer understanding of current opportunities, where value exists in your market space, and the potential to leverage the success of potential partners to provide better customer solutions.

3. What relationships with other companies can accelerate growth?

Most CEOs are skeptical about partnering with another company because it’s perceived as too difficult to be successful. While most partnerships fail because of poor analysis, poor planning, and poor management, a well-planned partnership can enable a company to leapfrog its competitors.

4. How can the company operate more effectively to bring the CEO’s vision to reality?

Having the right growth strategy is important, but execution ultimately determines success. Once a company reaches a certain size, growth can be limited by having outmoded or inappropriate processes in place. “We’ve always done it this way” is not an acceptable answer. Outside help may be required to drive the strategy into successful execution.

The chart below illustrates three levels of “gearing up” that a company can find itself in: stalled, moving, and accelerating.




 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Learning how to accelerate your vision and take your company from “stalled” to “accelerating” will be the topic of a subsequent post.

20/20 Outlook’s Third Anniversary

It’s been three years since the launch of 20/20 Outlook as an advisory service for CEOs, and I’ve been blessed with wonderfully rewarding and interesting experiences along the way. By acting as a sounding board for creative business leaders and helping them get clarity about their purpose, value, and relationships, each one has accelerated the quest to achieve his/her business vision.

Recently, Brad Young came into the 20/20 fold as another trusted CEO advisor, bringing with him a whole new set of gifts and talents. His major focus is on initiatives that complete strategies with flawless execution.

Our client discussions cover every aspect of each business, and we often discuss areas of personal challenge and growth. Similar to traditional executive coaching, building trusted CEO relationships has enabled discussions of their strengths and weaknesses, passions, and even the personal search for meaning and purpose. A side benefit that clients have cited is more effective communication with board members, leading to more productive relationships.

Along the way, a wonderful network of people has evolved around us. Each one has generously supported 20/20’s steady growth with introductions and recommendations, suggestions for new offerings, adoption of 20/20 processes, and partnering to help clients. Because of this network, LinkedIn recently recognized my profile as among the top 1%  frequently viewed profiles in 2012.

To our friends and colleagues, thank you for your continuing support!

 

 

Five Disciplined Steps to a Successful 2013

If you lead a business and haven’t yet committed to your resolutions for 2013, here are five ways to start the year off right:

  1. Take Time for “Disciplined Dreaming”
  2. Choose the Right Focus
  3. Find Your Breakout Strategy
  4. Avoid Strategy Mistakes
  5. Move Past the Second Chasm

1. Take Time for Disciplined Dreaming: If you ignored our sole suggestion for 2012, you can redeem yourself in 2013. It’s tempting to work “heads down” all the time, but “heads up” thinking moves your company toward growth much faster.

2. Choose the Right Focus: Key factors in opting to narrow or broaden your focus include available market opportunities, strength of brand, and the company’s ability (e.g. capitalization) to execute, including integrating, partnering, and acquiring. Read more to understand where you stand and where you’d like to move.

3. Find Your Breakout Strategy: If you’re unfamiliar with the term, breakout strategies free your business from current growth-limiting constraints. Even the most visionary CEO may need help in translating a vision for growth into clear, actionable strategies that move the company out of the the plateau it’s mired in.

4. Avoid Strategy Mistakes: In a 2012 Harvard Business Review post, Joan Magretta identified five common strategy mistakes that we believe derive from two common antecedents – lack of clarity and lack of focus. Become familiar with these mistakes so you can avoid them.

5. Move Past the Second Chasm: The most delicate yet most important action for a consultant is pointing out the elephant in the room, especially if it involves challenging the CEO to learn how and when to let go. “Crossing the second chasm does not call for securing a second beachhead. Instead, the challenge is personal: the CEO must modify the way the business operates without losing the uniqueness that created its initial successes.”

Start your year off with disciplined thinking and greatly improve your odds of success.

Happy New Year!

 

Breakout Strategies in Tough Times

Entering 2013, we have larger challenges than ever.  Economic slowdowns in Europe and projected softening demand in Asia and elsewhere are forcing CEOs to pursue more challenging growth opportunities.  This is not an option: we grow or we die.

For many firms, growth has historically come from new products or innovative extensions to existing products.  The simple growth strategy where R&D generates a new widget, Marketing promotes it, and Sales introduces it to customers isn’t working that well any more.  And even if revenue is growing, profits are often generated at the expense of ever deepening cuts in personnel, core capabilities, and reduced investment in capital and equipment.  CEOs are worried that soon they will have to pay the proverbial piper.

M&A alone won’t do it either.  While firms can and often should acquire or merge to become more competitive, most M&A data shows that the combined enterprise delivers little increased profitability.  At best, results are additive, not multiplicative or geometric.  So what’s next?  Where can we find that elusive growth?

Leading companies are broadening their definition of growth beyond traditional product-based categories to include more novel growth strategies.  For CEOs to take advantage of any of them, they must consider the real impacts on their businesses and determine the capabilities they will need to succeed.

First, creative CEOs need to generate a complete portfolio of growth initiatives that include: geographic expansion and M&A; product-based extensions and positioning; integration or bundling of products and services; marketing-driven initiatives like segmentation and value-pricing; localized delivery through outsourced capabilities; value-driven arrangements like performance guarantees; and IT-based strategies like remote services.

Second, CEOs need to determine how best to apply scarce resources to these initiatives, being especially careful to avoid the trap of over-investing in existing businesses – through both capital and key resource allocation – at the expense of novel and potentially much more profitable strategies.  Communicating the necessity of and how best to implement novel strategies to their boards is a critical challenge.  Key questions include: “Do I have the right leaders in the current businesses?  Can my current team succeed in these new lines of business?  Is the plan aggressive enough?  Have we achieved the right balance of risk and projected return?”

Finally, only careful analysis will determine whether any of these breakout strategies are appropriate for your firm.  Can you get buy-in from all stakeholder groups?  Will employees get excited about the new opportunities?  Will the board support the initiatives?  Can you communicate the new direction effectively to analysts and investors?

In these especially demanding times, CEOs must gain a broader perspective and challenge their internal teams’ assumptions.  Make sure that you incorporate external research and insights into your thinking before making the hard calls.

Mutual Accountability Magic

While the latest formula or insight sells business books, most business leaders tend to find their own way, then apply and reapply principles that emerge through their experience.

James Weaver is a serial CEO who’s led multiple companies out of deep holes back to relevance and profitability. He’s one of those gifted CEO’s who quickly finds the right course of action for a failing company and leads the organization to a new and better way to operate.

When I invited him to participate in a book of CEO principles I’m assembling called Shoot the Runt, he suggested a topic immediately. In turning around companies like Gold’s Gym, James developed a mindset and process that encourages everyone in the organization to achieve their highest potential, and he was generous in sharing that process to help the book.

James found repeated success by generating a sense of accountability that drives organizations to new heights of success. Check out the latest CEO/mentor dialog called Mutual Accountability Magic that’s based on the process he’s used successfully multiple times.

Happy Thanksgiving!

Lead Through Culture

Last week, I attended Austin Business Journal’s CEO awards event with Ed Trevis, CEO of Corvalent. The city’s vibrant entrepreneurial scene wouldn’t exist without talented and dedicated CEOs, and an invited group had gathered to honor Austin’s best and brightest.

Brett Hurt, CEO of Bazaarvoice, won the award for large company CEOs. His company recently went public and continues to grow at a rapid pace. Fortunately, I met Brett a couple of years ago and was later able to spend some time in his office talking about his passion – managing company culture.

In the book I’m writing called Shoot the Runt, the latest CEO/mentor dialog illustrates one example of how culture affects success. Each dialog is based on real principles from serial CEOs. I’m very grateful to Brett for providing the concept for this chapter and agreeing to help with the book.

I hope you enjoy the dialog called Lead Through Culture, and as always, your input is appreciated.

 

Crossing the Second Chasm

Two momentous tipping points threaten most businesses during their lifetime. The first is an external threat that challenges startups, and the second is an internal threat that challenges established, growing businesses. Failing to address either one adequately can result in disaster.

In 1991, Geoff Moore introduced a powerful concept in Crossing the Chasm that became a key concept in the universal business vocabulary. He observed a startup company must leap from (a) an early market dominated by early adopters who seek new solutions to (b) the mainstream market where buyers are more conservative but sustainable financial returns are available. To survive, an emerging company must cross this chasm to secure a beachhead in the mainstream market.

The second chasm is described in Doug Tatum’s 2007 book called No Man’s Land. While less publicized and not as universally understood, this second chasm is no less real and just as inevitable. It’s encountered during “the adolescent stage in which an established but rapidly growing firm is too big to be small, but too small to be big.”

Crossing the second chasm does not call for securing a second beachhead. Instead, the challenge is personal: the CEO must modify the way the business operates without losing the uniqueness that created its initial successes. Tatum identified four “M word” dangers confronting the CEO of a company negotiating this second chasm: misalignment, management, model, and money.

Misalignment of the company with its market requires clarifying the purpose and uniqueness of the company, then focusing all its resources on activities that leverage its best strengths. To paraphrase Tatum, avoiding the hard work of clarifying and systematizing the core business has killed many companies after they make it well past the startup phase. Understanding the strategic positioning of the company (e.g., primary audience and target customers, primary benefits delivered, competitors, and unique differentiators), then aligning everyone in the company with this shared vision is vital to survival.

Outgrowing its management team is the second danger of an established company attempting to grow. Small companies are highly dependent upon the talents of the founder and CEO, but a growing company inevitably exceeds the bandwidth of its CEO and early management. Getting to the next level requires that the CEO relinquish his/her tight control over every aspect of the business in favor of bringing in established managers in key areas. The CEO’s challenge is to retain direct responsibility for key areas, where he/she is most talented, while delegating the other areas to managers who have already developed critical systems and processes before at larger companies.

Outgrowing the model is the third challenge faced by companies crossing the second chasm. The financial model of most young companies depends upon high performance of cheap labor. The CEO works for little or nothing while dedicated employees work crazy hours too for lower-than-industry-standard pay, but this doesn’t scale. As the company outgrows its management, a new financial model accommodating competitive pay, more intense competition, and maintenance of profitability must be quickly developed.

The fourth challenge is money. Entrepreneurs are often surprised that, when the growth they crave starts to happen, cash becomes more scarce rather than more abundant. They are even more surprised by the difficulty they find in getting the financial backing needed to finance more growth. What looks like good news to the CEO looks like significant risk to investors. “The key to raising money is reducing the real and perceived risk of the company” and the key to reducing risk includes taking the previously described three steps.

If you’re a CEO of a growing company and you missed No Man’s Land when it came out, reading it will provide a clearer picture of your business and the challenges you face in growing it.

 

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